Major transitions:
- from nothing to something
(quantum mechanics - atoms - chemistry - molecules - biochemistry - molecular biology)
- creation of life
(unicellular organisms, yeast, bacteria - start to organize - symbiosis - cellular biology)
- multicellular
(sponges, mytochondria - communication)
- histology, physiology
(multicellular organisms outside of water)
- the brain, the language
(cultural evolution)

synthetic biology

The future is now.
Active evolution.
Work as an engineer with the elements of natural evolution.
Change the informations in cells with modified viruses: genetic engineering.
Crisp-Cas9 (gnome editing) - works for all kinds of organisms.
Lynn Margulis, biologist
Lynn Margulis work on the mytochondrial DNA (via the mother)
(iGEM) - The International Genetically Engineered Machine Foundation is an independent, non-profit organization dedicated to education and competition, the advancement of synthetic biology, and the development of an open community and collaboration.

tissue engineering

Tissue engineering is the use of a combination of cells, engineering and materials methods, and suitable biochemical and physicochemical factors to improve or replace biological tissues.
- cultivating cells, growing things.
- biotechnology: make the micro-organisms your slave to grow things.
- bioprinter: copy the histology of cells (the microscopic anatomy of cells and tissues of plants and animals) for e.g. printing organs.
- NovoGen MMX Bioprinter is science fiction turned into science fact: the world's first commercial 3D bioprinter to print human tissues.

- cultivating cells on hydrogel (cells on gelatines)
- cell sorting
- communication between cells when in the proper medium (or environment) + electrical flux

lab material

scientific method


identifying micro-organisms


- lactobacillus
- bioluminus bacteria
- yeast bacteria
- acetobacter bacteria
- water analysis
- bioplastic degradation
- eggshell CoCo3 concentration
- paper chromatography
- spirulina


preparing a slide

gramm staining

methylene blue staining







genetic engineering


biology_zero.txt · Last modified: 2016/08/12 12:22 by ami
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